Volume 17 Supplement 1

Taurine - a wonder molecule. Proceedings of the 17th International Taurine Conference

Proceedings

Edited by Jang-Yen Wu, Stephen W Schaffer and Junichi Azuma

17th International Meeting of Taurine.

Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA

14-19 December 2009

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  1. Research

    Role of taurine in the central nervous system

    Taurine demonstrates multiple cellular functions including a central role as a neurotransmitter, as a trophic factor in CNS development, in maintaining the structural integrity of the membrane, in regulating c...

    Jang-Yen Wu and Howard Prentice

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S1

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  2. Research

    Physiological roles of taurine in heart and muscle

    Taurine (aminoethane sulfonic acid) is an ubiquitous compound, found in very high concentrations in heart and muscle. Although taurine is classified as an amino acid, it does not participate in peptide bond fo...

    Stephen W Schaffer, Chian Ju Jong, Ramila KC and Junichi Azuma

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S2

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  3. Research

    Taurine and the renal system

    Taurine participates in a number of different physiologic and biologic processes in the kidney, often reflected by urinary excretion patterns. The kidney is key to aspects of taurine body pool size and homeost...

    Russell W Chesney, Xiaobin Han and Andrea B Patters

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S4

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  4. Research

    Taurine in health and diseases: consistent evidence from experimental and epidemiological studies

    Taurine (T) was first noted as beneficial for stroke and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) prevention in genetic rat models, stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). The preventive mechanisms of T wer...

    Yukio Yamori, Takashi Taguchi, Atsumi Hamada, Kazuhiro Kunimasa, Hideki Mori and Mari Mori

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S6

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  5. Review

    Effects of taurine on male reproduction in rats of different ages

    It has been demonstrated that taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids in the male reproductive system, and can be biosynthesized by male reproductive organs. But the effect of taurine on male repr...

    Jiancheng Yang, Gaofeng Wu, Ying Feng, Qiufeng Lv, Shumei Lin and Jianmin Hu

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S9

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  6. Review

    Taurine regulates insulin release from pancreatic beta cell lines

    Pancreatic β-cells release insulin via an electrogenic response triggered by an increase in plasma glucose concentrations. The critical plasma glucose concentration has been determined to be ~3 mM, at which ti...

    William J L’Amoreaux, Christina Cuttitta, Allison Santora, Jonathan F Blaize, Janto Tachjadi and Abdeslem El Idrissi

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S11

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  7. Review

    Neuroprotection by taurine in ethanol-induced apoptosis in the developing cerebellum

    Acute ethanol administration leads to massive apoptotic neurodegeneration in the developing central nervous system. We studied whether taurine is neuroprotective in ethanol-induced apoptosis in the mouse cereb...

    Andrey G Taranukhin, Elena Y Taranukhina, Pirjo Saransaari, Irina M Podkletnova, Markku Pelto-Huikko and Simo S Oja

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S12

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  8. Review

    Effects of zinc ex vivo on taurine uptake in goldfish retinal cells

    Taurine and zinc exert neurotrophic effects in the central nervous system. Current studies demonstrate that Na+/Cl- dependent neurotransmitter transporters, similar to that of taurine, are modulated by micromolar...

    Sonia Nusetti, Mary Urbina and Lucimey Lima

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S13

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  9. Review

    Pharmacological characterization of GABAA receptors in taurine-fed mice

    Taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids especially in excitable tissues, with wide physiological actions. Chronic supplementation of taurine in drinking water to mice increases brain excitability ...

    William J L’Amoreaux, Alexandra Marsillo and Abdeslem El Idrissi

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S14

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  10. Review

    Taurine regulation of short term synaptic plasticity in fragile X mice

    Fragile X Syndrome is the most common known genetic cause of autism. The Fmr1-KO mouse, lacks the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), and is used as a model of the syndrome. The core behavioral deficits ...

    Abdeslem El Idrissi, Lorenz S Neuwirth and William L’Amoreaux

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S15

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  11. Review

    Comparative study of the binding characteristics to and inhibitory potencies towards PARP and in vivo antidiabetogenic potencies of taurine, 3-aminobenzamide and nicotinamide

    Poly(ADP-ribose) is a NAD+-requiring, DNA-repairing, enzyme playing a central role in pancreatic β-cell death and in the development of endothelial dysfunction in humans and experimental animals. PARP activation ...

    Kashyap G Pandya, Maulik R Patel and Cesar A Lau-Cam

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S16

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  12. Review

    Protection of taurine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor against excitotoxicity induced by glutamate in primary cortical neurons

    Both taurine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), a growth factor, possess neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties in vitro. However, the mechanisms of their u...

    Chunliu Pan, Amit Gupta, Howard Prentice and Jang-Yen Wu

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S18

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  13. Review

    Protective action of taurine, given as a pretreatment or as a posttreatment, against endotoxin-induced acute lung inflammation in hamsters

    To assess the effect of taurine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis, female Golden Syrian hamsters were intratracheally instilled with bacterial LPS (0.02 mg i...

    Tapan M Bhavsar, Sanket N Patel and Cesar A Lau-Cam

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S19

    Published on: 24 August 2010

  14. Review

    Cardiac and skeletal muscle abnormality in taurine transporter-knockout mice

    Taurine, a sulfur-containing β-amino acid, is highly contained in heart and skeletal muscle. Taurine has a variety of biological actions, such as ion movement, calcium handling and cytoprotection in the cardia...

    Takashi Ito, Shohei Oishi, Mika Takai, Yasushi Kimura, Yoriko Uozumi, Yasushi Fujio, Stephen W Schaffer and Junichi Azuma

    Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S20

    Published on: 24 August 2010

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Journal of Biomedical Science is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan.

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