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Table 2 Gene transfer immunostimulatory molecules.

From: Immunotherapy for liver tumors: present status and future prospects

Cytokine Mechanism Ref.
IL-2 + IL-12 CTLs 149
IL-10 CD8+ 152
IL-12 NK, CD4+, CD8+ 187
IL-12 + IL-10 NK, CD4+, CD8+, Macrophages, Neutrophils 165
IL-2 CTLs 166
HLA-B7 CTLs 167
IL-12 + IP-10 CD8+, CD4+, NK 161
IL-12 + MIP3α CD8+, CD4+, NK 162
CD40-L CD8+ 168,169
GM-CSF + HSV CD4+, CD8+ 171
  1. CTLs: Cytotoxic T lymphocytes; NK: Natural killer cells.