Effects of benidipine on fluorescence recovery one second after the end of photobleaching. NBD-PC loaded endothelial cells were treated with LPC (3 μmol/L) or ethanol (0.03%) for 30 min. Benidipine (10 nmol/L) or DMSO was simultaneously added with LPC or ethanol. Each value represents the mean ± S.E. (n = 18–28). *P < 0.05 compared between indicated groups.