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Table 1 Characteristics of study subjects

From: Deterioration of traditional dietary custom increases the risk of lifestyle-related diseases in young male Africans

  Young Middle-aged P value*
   ≤30 (n=36) ≥31 (n=38)  
  Age (year) 26.4±2.8 36.2±4.5 -
Anthropometric measurements
  BMI (kg/m2) 21.8±2.2 22.6±3.1 0.47
  WC (cm) 75.3±4.2 79.7±8.6 <0.05
  SBP (mmHg) 132.1±11.9 129.6±17.2 0.47
  DBP (mmHg) 69.3±9.3 70.8±12.8 0.56
Blood analysis
  FBG (mg/dl) 78.1±8.7 75.5±9.2 0.22
  HbA1c (%) 4.99±0.40 5.00±0.65 0.90
  TC (mg/dl) 154.5±34.3 156.5±37.1 0.81
  HDL-C (mg/dl) 46.0±9.0 52.3±19.0 0.14
  non-HDL-C (mg/dl) 108.6±34.2 104.2±30.0 0.57
  TG (mg/dl) 76.4±45.5 76.5±39.5 0.99
  AI 2.47±0.95 2.16±0.75 0.16
  EPA (µg/ml) 19.5±11.9 26.7±22.3 0.09
  DHA (µg/ml) 75.2±20.8 90.1±36.5 <0.05
Urine analysis
  NaCl (g/day) 6.10±3.11 5.83±2.74 0.69
  K (g/day) 1.18±0.42 1.62±0.77 <0.01
  Na/K 3.77±2.48 2.59±1.15 <0.01
  Taurine (µmol/day) 729.6±499.3 998.5±587.1 <0.05
  1. *For difference between the young and the middle-aged adults by Student’s t tests. Data are expressed as mean ± SD.