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Table 1 Regulation of host micor-RNAs in response to Mycobacterial pathogens

From: Current understanding on micro RNAs and its regulation in response to Mycobacterial infections

Mycobacterium species Cells/samples and their source Regulated miRNAs   Reference
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) Human monocyte derived macrophages Up: miR-125b Rajaram et al.[49]
  Down: miR-155
PBMCs from TB patients Up: miR-144*, miR-155, miR-155* Liu et al.[53]
    Wu et al.[50]
Serum from TB patients Up: miR-29a Fu et al.[45]
Sputum from TB patients Up: miR-3179, miR-147, miR-29a Yi et al.[46]
  Down: miR-19b-2* Fu et al.[45]
M.tb infected bone marrow derived murine macrophages Up: miR-155 Kumar et al.[51]
Mycobacterium leprae Skin biopsy from Leprosy patients Up: miR-21 Liu et al.[54]
PBMCs from Leprosy patients Down: mir-181a Kumar et al.[56]
Mycobacterium bovis Murine T cells Down: miR29 Ma et al.[48]
Mycobacterium avium Human monocyte derived macrophages Up: miR-155, miR-146a/b, miR-886-5p, let-7e, let-7i, miR-29a Sharbati et al.[47]
Down: miR-20a, miR-191, miR-378, miR30c, miR-423-5p, miR-374a, miR-185, miR-768-5p  
Mycobacterium smegmatis Human monocyte derived macrophages Up: miR-155 Rajaram et al.[49]