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Table 1 Animal groups, food composition and food intake

From: High fat diet-induced inflammation and oxidative stress are attenuated by N-acetylneuraminic acid in rats

Rat groups Normal pellet (%) Cholesterol/cholic acid (%) Palm oil (%) Starch (%) Others Food intake
g/kg/day Kcal/kg/day
Normal 100      64.34 ± 10.96 215.54 ± 33.5a
Untreated control 65 5 20 10   48 ± 8.36 215.04 ± 37.45a
(HFD)
HFD + SIM 65 5 20 10 Simvastatin (10 mg/kg/day) 48.14 ± 8.17 215.67 ± 36.60a
HFD + SAL 65 5 20 10 50 mg/kg/day sialic acid 48.25 ± 8.32 216.16 ± 37.27a
HFD + SAH 65 5 20 10 400 mg/kg/day sialic acid 48.11 ± 8.12 215.53 ± 36.38a
  1. Data represent mean ± SD (n = 6). Different alphabets in each column indicate significant difference (p < 0.05) using Tukey’s multiple comparison test. HFD: high fat diet; HFD + SAL: HFD+ 50 mg sialic acid/kg/day; HFD + SAH: HFD + 400 mg sialic acid/kg/day