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Table 1 Correlation of Lutheran expression and biological indicators of human urinary tract cancer

From: The role of Lutheran/basal cell adhesion molecule in human bladder carcinogenesis

Indicators Positive Negative P value
Low (+) High (++)b
Histological grade     0.12
 Grade I 1 0 0  
 Grade II 6 4 19  
 Grade III 14 1 15  
Tumor shape     0.26
 Papillary 10 4 14  
 Non-papillary 10 1 20  
 NAa 1 0 0  
Tumor size     0.07
 ≤ 1 cm 0 1 2  
  > 1 to ≤ 3 cm 6 0 15  
  > 3 to ≤ 5 cm 7 4 9  
  > 5 cm 7 0 7  
 N/A 1 0 1  
Multiplicity     0.75
 Single 13 4 22  
 Multiple 8 1 12  
Stage(TNM staging system)     .02#
 pTa 2 3 8  
 pT1 10 1 8  
 pT2 1 0 10  
 pT3–4 3 1 2  
 pN+ 2 0 6  
 M+ 3 0 0  
  1. a N/A not applicable; # p < 0.05
  2. b High level of expression indicates >50% of the tumor cells were immunostained. Low level of expression indicates 10%–50% reactivity; and “negative” indicates <10% staining for Lu protein. A total of 60 cases were analyzed