Skip to main content

Table 1 Effects of curcumin and curcumin nano-emulsion on body weight, testis weight, relative testis weight, Sperm cell concentration (×106), % of normal and abnormal sperm cells, mass motility and progressive motility % of male rats under protein deficient diet model

From: Beneficial effects of curcumin nano-emulsion on spermatogenesis and reproductive performance in male rats under protein deficient diet model: enhancement of sperm motility, conservancy of testicular tissue integrity, cell energy and seminal plasma amino acids content

Parameters Groups
Normal PDD C NCL NCH
Initial body weight (gm) 61.1 ± 1.86 64 ± 1.83 62.6 ± 1.77 62.2 ± 1.78 60.3 ± 1.82
Final body weight (gm) 322 ± 10.51b 164 ± 5.31a 255 ± 7.92ab 177 ± 6.52a 209 ± 6.59a, b
Testis weight (gm) 1.68 ± 0.05b 0.4 ± 0.01a 1.101 ± 0.03a, b 0.53 ± 0.02a, b 0.802 ± 0.03a, b
Relative testis weight % 0.46 ± 0.01b 0.24 ± 0.01a 0.43 ± 0.01b 0.29 ± 0.01a, b 0.38 ± 0.01a, b
Sperm cell concentration × 106 /gm cauda 144.0 ± 4.38b 44.30 ± 1.29a 114.1 ± 3.42a, b 58.7 ± 1.78a, b 98.7 ± 2.86a, b
% of normal sperm cell 69.82 ± 1.29b 29.70 ± 2.3a 52.47 ± 1.75a, b 40.84 ± 0.997a, b 52.18 ± 1.65a, b
% of abnormal sperm cell 30.17 ± 1.29b 70.29 ± 2.3a 47.52 ± 1.75a, b 59.15 ± 0.997a, b 47.82 ± 1.65a, b
Mass motility (Score) 3.73 ± 0.27b 1.53 ± 0.12a 2.77 ± 0.23a, b 1.84 ± 0.24a 2.67 ± 0.26a, b
Progressive motility% 58.34 ± 1.6b 23.01 ± 0.84a 39.73 ± 0.85a, b 32.19 ± 0.59a, b 39.71 ± 1.45a, b
  1. aSignificantly different from normal control, bsignificantly different from PDD group