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Table 3 Effects of curcumin and curcumin nano-emulsion on testes oxidative and nitrosative stresses markers (MDA, NOx, GSH, GSSG, CAT and SOD) of male rats under protein deficient diet model

From: Beneficial effects of curcumin nano-emulsion on spermatogenesis and reproductive performance in male rats under protein deficient diet model: enhancement of sperm motility, conservancy of testicular tissue integrity, cell energy and seminal plasma amino acids content

Parameters Groups
Normal PDD C NCL NCH
GSH (μmol/g) 27.38 ± 0.43b 10.76 ± 0.60a 22.34 ± 0.68a, b 17.55 ± 0.57a, b 23.27 ± 0.68a, b
GSSG/GSH 0.0296 ± 0.0002b 0.208 ± 0.0143a 0.0486 ± 0.0019b 0.0713 ± 0.0031a, b 0.0436 ± 0.0018b
MDA (nmol/g) 16.91 ± 0.55b 49.29 ± 0.24a 24.44 ± 0.73a, b 27.84 ± 0.14a, b 20.46 ± 0.49a, b
NOx (μmol/g) 2.10 ± 0.05b 5.85 ± 0.26a 3.04 ± 0.09a, b 3.11 ± 0.11a, b 2.48 ± 0.09b
CAT (U/mg protein) 29.36 ± 0.35b 9.58 ± 0.25a 14.94 ± 0.14a, b 19.53 ± 0.4a, b 19.82 ± 0.42a, b
SOD (U/mg protein) 1858 ± 32.47b 406.6 ± 5.808a 942.8 ± 28.67a, b 1129 ± 5.461a, b 1144 ± 9.835a, b
  1. aSignificantly different from normal control, bsignificantly different from PDD group