Skip to main content

Table 4 Effects of curcumin and curcumin nano-emulsion on testes cell energy (ATP, ADP, AMP, AMP/ATP and ACE) of male rats under protein deficient diet model

From: Beneficial effects of curcumin nano-emulsion on spermatogenesis and reproductive performance in male rats under protein deficient diet model: enhancement of sperm motility, conservancy of testicular tissue integrity, cell energy and seminal plasma amino acids content

Parameters Groups
Normal PDD C NCL NCH
ATP (μg/g) 85.68 ± 1.91b 19.35 ± 0.38a 48.47 ± 0.45a, b 57.56 ± 0.32a,m b 64.84 ± 0.66a, b
ADP (μg/g) 36.42 ± 0.66b 6.95 ± 0.23a 19.15 ± 0.50a,b 23.23 ± 0.50a, b 22.62 ± 0.21a, b
AMP (μg/g) 26.79 ± 0.48b 8.97 ± 0.24a 15.94 ± 0.08a, b 17.07 ± 0.52a, b 17.55 ± 0.30a, b
AMP/ATP 0.31 ± 0.002b 0.46 ± 0.014a 0.33 ± 0.007b 0.30 ± 0.006b 0.27 ± 0.002a, b
AEC 0.70 ± 0.002b 0.65 ± 0.012a 0.69 ± 0.006b 0.71 ± 0.003b 0.73 ± 0.006a, b
  1. aSignificantly different from normal control, bsignificantly different from PDD group