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Table 6 Effects of curcumin and curcumin nano-emulsion on total sperm cells maturation count and seminiferous tubules circumferences of male rats under protein deficient diet model

From: Beneficial effects of curcumin nano-emulsion on spermatogenesis and reproductive performance in male rats under protein deficient diet model: enhancement of sperm motility, conservancy of testicular tissue integrity, cell energy and seminal plasma amino acids content

Groups Total sperm cells maturation (count) seminiferous tubules circumferences (μm) Modified Johnsen spermatogenesis scoring
Normal 290.5 ± 5.14b 198.6 ± 4.94b 10.00 ± 0.0b
PDD 8.875 ± 0.72a 90.87 ± 1.44a 2.00 ± 0.0a
C 245.0 ± 5.09a, b 235.2 ± 7.68a, b 10.00 ± 0.0b
NCL 241.9 ± 3.52a, b 166.1 ± 4.10a, b 8.88 ± 0.3a
NCH 244.6 ± 5.26a, b 143.3 ± 5.36a, b 9.5 ± 0.19b
  1. aSignificantly different from normal control, bsignificantly different from PDD group