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Table 2 The presence of CGI and OLGA and OLGIM grade stratified by gender between the patients with and without diabetes mellitus and non-diabetic controls

From: Male non-insulin users with type 2 diabetes mellitus are predisposed to gastric corpus-predominant inflammation after H. pylori infection

Gastritis staging % (n) DM (n = 129) Non-DM (n = 129) p value DM vs. Non-DM
Male (n = 73) Female (n = 56) p value OR (95% CI) Male (n = 73) Female (n = 56) p value OR (95% CI)
CGIb 58.9 (43) 39.3 (22) 0.03
2.2 (1.09–4.51)
52.1 (38) 62.5 (35) 0.24
0.6 (0.32–1.32)
0.32
OLGA ≥ II 54.8 (40) 50.0 (28) 0.59
1.2 (0.60–2.44)
43.8 (32) 50.0 (28) 0.49
0.8 (0.39–1.57)
0.32
OLGIM ≥ II 32.9 (24) 32.1 (18) 0.93
1.0 (0.49–2.18)
41.1 (30) 33.9 (19) 0.41
1.4 (0.66–2.80)
0.36
  1. DM diabetes mellitus, OR odds ratio, CI confident interval
  2. b: p < 0.05, female patients with and without DM