Skip to main content

Table 1 Some common anti-diabetic therapies and their side effects

From: Zinc transporters and insulin resistance: therapeutic implications for type 2 diabetes and metabolic disease

Current Therapies Side Effects
Metformin (dimethylbiguanide) Gastrointestinal intolerance and side effects [76, 77].
Sulphonylureas Hypoglycaemia risk, weight gain [78], cardiovascular disease [79].
Incretin-based therapies Arrhythmia [80], pancreatitis [81].
Thiazolidinediones Risk of heart failure [82].
Dipeptidylpeptidase-4 inhibitors Heart failure [83].
Sodium-coupled glucose co-transporter (SGLT-2) inhibitors Dehydration and urinary infections in elderly patients [84].