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Table 1 Baseline demographic characteristics of stroke and control groups

From: Association between heavy metal levels and acute ischemic stroke

Variables Stroke (n = 33) Control (n = 39) P
Age (y/o, mean ± SD) 57.7 ± 10.5 58.9 ± 7.6 0.601
BMI (mean ± SD) 25.7 ± 3.8 23.3 ± 2.2 0.002
Gender (male, %) 27 (81.8%) 20 (51.3%) 0.007
Hypertension (n, %) 27 (81.8%) 13 (33.3%) < 0.001
SBP (mmHg, mean ± SD) 125.4 ± 17.5 106.2 ± 11.9 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg, mean ± SD) 80.3 ± 11.5 68.9 ± 9.9 < 0.001
Diabetes (n, %) 13 (39.4%) 1 (2.6%) < 0.001
FBG (mg/dL, mean ± SD) 118.6 ± 40.9 89.6 ± 8.5 < 0.001
HbA1c (%, mean ± SD) 6.9 ± 1.8 5.8 ± 0.3 0.004
Hyperlipidemia (n, %) 30 (90.9%) 21 (53.8%) 0.001
TG (mg/dL, mean ± SD) 191.9 ± 122.9 128.7 ± 90.9 0.015
CHOL (mg/dL, mean ± SD) 203.9 ± 30.3 190.7 ± 29.0 0.064
Smokes (n, %) 17 (51.5%) 3 (7.7%) < 0.001
Alcohol consumption (n, %) 9 (27.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0.005
  1. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood sugar, TG triglyceremia, CHOL cholesterol