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Table 1 Serum anti-inflammatory cytokine Levels and CRP (ng/ml) amongst HIV infected subjects before commencement of HAART, 6 months into HAART and 1 year into HAART (±SD)

From: The effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the serum levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in HIV infected subjects

Group IL-4 (Pg/ml) IL-10 (Pg/ml), TGF-β (Pg/ml),
Before commencement of HAART {a} (n = 50) 26.67 ± 4.39 31.57 ± 6.35 102.77 ± 30.53
6 Months into HAART{b} (n = 50) 7.98 ± 6.93 18.47 ± 5.29 85.03 ± 28.33
1 Year into HAART{c} (n = 50) 4.42 ± 2.11 7.05 ± 2.43 61.24 ± 22.08
Control {d} (n = 50) 3.68 ± 1.59 4.66 ± 2.12 39.20 ± 14.39
F Value 15.93 30.47 99.70
P Value 0.02 0.00 0.00
{a} Vs {b} P < 0.05 P < 0.05 P < 0.05
{a} Vs {c} P < 0.05 P < 0.05 P < 0.05
{a} Vs {d} P < 0.05 P < 0.05 P < 0.05
{b} Vs {c} P < 0.05 P < 0.05 P < 0.05
{b} Vs {d} P < 0.05 P < 0.05 P < 0.05
{c} Vs {d} P > 0.05 P > 0.05 P < 0.05
  1. IL-4 Interleukin 4, IL-10 Interleukin 10, TGF-β Tissue Growth Factor Beta, HAART Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, Vs Versus