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Table 4 Correlation between viral load (Log10 copies/ml), CD4 + T cells (/μl), and interleukins in HIV infected subjects before commencement of HAART

From: The effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the serum levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in HIV infected subjects

parameters n r P value
Viral load Vs IL-4 50 0.34 < 0.05
Viral Load Vs IL-6 50 0.62 < 0.05
Viral Load Vs IL-10 50 0.02 > 0.05
Viral Load Vs INF-γ 50 −0.43 < 0.05
Viral Load Vs TNF-α 50 0.44 < 0.05
Viral Load Vs TGF-β 50 0.57 < 0.05
Viral load and CD4+ T cells 50 0.72 < 0.01
CD4+ T cells and IL-4 50 −0.34 < 0.05
CD4+ T cells and INF-γ 50 0.42 < 0.05
CD4+ T cells and TNF-α 50 −0.42 < 0.05
CD4+ T cells and TGF-β 0 −0.66 < 0.01
  1. Correlation was analyzed by Pearson’s correlation
  2. Vs Versus Vs, HAART Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, n number of participants, IL-4 Interleukin 4, IL-10 Interleukin 10, TGF-β Tissue Growth Factor Beta
  3. IL-6 Interleukin 6, INF-γ Interferon Gamma, TNF-α Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha