Skip to main content


Table 1 EV-A71 subgenogroups detected in Asia-Pacific Region, 1997–2018 [30, 36, 39, 41, 44, 45, 59, 67, 76, 82, 86, 87, 94,95,96, 98,99,100,101, 109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116].

From: The History of Enterovirus A71 Outbreaks and Molecular Epidemiology in the Asia-Pacific Region

  1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Australia B3 B3, C2 B3, C2 B4, C1 B4   C1 C1          C4      
Brunei           B5             
Cambodia                 C4       
China   C4   C4 C4 C4 C4 C4    C4 A, C4 C4 C4 C4 C4 C4 C4 C4    
India      D D D      D, G   D C1, D, C1, D       
Indonesia                     B5   
Japan B3, B4, C2 C2 B4, C2 C2 B4, C2, B5, C4 C4   C4 C4 C2 C2 C2         
  C2      C4                 
Laos                C4        
Malaysia B3, B4, C1 B4, B5 B4, B5 B4, C1 C1 B5, C1   B5, C1 B5 B5 B5 B5 B5 B5 B5       
  C1, C2   C1 C1                   
Mongolia            C4    C4         
Philippines     C2   C2    C2      C2         
Singapore B3, B4 B3, C1 B3 B4 B4 B4, C1     B5   B5           
South     C3    C4     C4 C4 C1, C4, C4 C4 C4       
Korea              C5          
Taiwan   B4, C2, B4 B4 B4 B4, C4 B4, B5 C4 C4 C5 B5, C5 B5 B5 C4 B5, C4 B5       
Thailand      B4, C1 C1 C1 C1   B5, C1, B5, C1, C2, B5, C1, C2, B4, B5, B5 B5, C4 B5, C4 B5, C4 B5, C4 B5, C4 B5, C4 B5, C4  
           C4, C5 C4, C5 C4, C5 C1, C4          
Vietnam          C1, C4,       C4 C4 B5      C4, B5
  1. Bold indicates predominant genotype