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Table 2 The annual incidence of rotavirus in children under 5 years old in Southeast Asian countries, 2007–2018

From: Rotavirus infection in children in Southeast Asia 2008–2018: disease burden, genotype distribution, seasonality, and vaccination

Country Region Year Study Design Number of Stool Sample Number of Rotavirus Positive Percentage (%) Reference
Cambodia Phnom Penh 2010–2016 Active hospital surveillance 7007 3473 49.56 [47]
Indonesia Bandung, Yogyakarta, Mataram, Denpasar 2009–2010 Hospital-based surveillance 4235 2220 52.42 [48]
Yogyakarta 2009 Hospital-based surveillance 104 57 54.81 [49]
Denpasar 2009–2011 Hospital-based surveillance 656 327 49.85 [50]
Bandung 2009–2012 Prospective cross-sectional study 135 92 68.15 [51]
Mataram 2010 Cross-sectional study 328 210 64.02 [52]
Surabaya 2013 Cross-sectional study 220 88 40 [53]
Pekanbaru 2015 Cross-sectional study 71 42 59.15 [54]
Indonesia 2010–2015 National surveillance 4013 1950 48.59 [55]
Surabaya 2015–2016 Hospital-based surveillance 134 42 31.34 [56]
Central Java 2013–2016 Hospital-based surveillance 1649 105 6.37 [57]
Jawa Timur 2015–2018 Hospital-based surveillance 432 137 31.71 [58]
Lao PDR Vientiane 2009–2015 Hospital-based surveillance 1772 928 52.37 [59]
Malaysia Malaysia 2008–2010 Hospital-based surveillance 822 279 33.94 [60]
Myanmar Yangon 2009–2014 Prospective active surveillance 3724 1860 49.95 [61]
Philippines Palawan 2012 Not specified 45 25 55.56 [62]
Philippines 2013–2015 National Surveillance 5229 2024 38.1 [63]
Zamboanga city 2016 Hospital-based surveillance 93 56 60.22 [64]
Singapore Singapore 2008 Hospital-based surveilance 285 167 58.60 [65]
  Singapore 2008 Randomized clinical trial 58 11 18.97 [66]
Thailand Bangkok, Khon Kaen, Nahon Ratchasima, Tak 2007–2009 Hospital-based surveillance 557 158 28.37 [67]
Chiang Rai, Nakhon Ratchasima, Surat Thani, Phitsanulok, 2008–2010 Regional surveillance 3470 458 13.20 [68]
Khon Kaen & Bangkok 2009–2011 Hospital-based surveillance 562 250 44.48 [69]
Thailand 2010–2013 Active surveillance 1032 184 17.83 [70]
Khon Kaen, Bangkok 2011–2014 Hospital-based surveillance 688 204 29.65 [71]
Chiang Mai 2012 Hospital-based surveillance 186 35 18.82 [72]
Nonthaburi 2012–2014 Hospital-based surveillance No Data 73 [73]
Sukhothai, Petchabun 2013–2014 Regional surveillance 2754 666 24.18 [74]
Thailand 2014–2016 Hospital-based surveillance 1867 514 27.53 [75]
Chiang Rai 2015–2016 Hospital-based surveillance 270 91 33.70 [76]
Vietnam Ho Chi Min 2009–2010 Hospital-based surveillance 1419 664 46.79 [77]
Vietnam 2012–2015 National Surveillance 8689 4054 46.66 [78]