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Figure 4 | Journal of Biomedical Science

Figure 4

From: Antinociceptive actions of honokiol and magnolol on glutamatergic and inflammatory pain

Figure 4

Effects of honokiol and magnolol on substance P-induced thermal hyperalgesia in mice. Honokiol (0.5 or 1.0 μg/paw), magnolol (0.5 or 1.0 μg/paw) and vehicle were administered 20 min prior to substance-P (0.5 μg) injection into hindpaw. The paw withdrawal latency in the 47°C water was measured during 5-120 min after intraplantar injection of substance P. Each point represents the mean ± S.E.M. (n = 7-9). * indicates significantly different from vehicle group, *p < 0.05.

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