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  1. Dendritic spines, the actin-rich protrusions emerging from dendrites, are the subcellular locations of excitatory synapses in the mammalian brain. Many actin-regulating molecules modulate dendritic spine morph...

    Authors: Hsiao-Tang Hu, Tzyy-Nan Huang and Yi-Ping Hsueh

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARG) belongs to the nuclear receptor superfamily functioning as transcription factors to regulate cellular differentiation, development and metabolism. Moreover...

    Authors: Maria García-Ricobaraza, Mercedes García-Bermúdez, Francisco J. Torres-Espinola, M. Teresa Segura Moreno, Mathieu N. Bleyere, Ligia E. Díaz-Prieto, Esther Nova, Ascensión Marcos and Cristina Campoy

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:101

    Content type: Research

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  3. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is widely prevalent in Taiwan, and high metastatic spread of ESCC leads to poor survival rate. Fibronectin (FN) assembly on the cell membrane may induce ESCC mobility....

    Authors: Hong-Yi Chang, Chi-Hua Lee, Yi-Syuan Li, Jing-Tong Huang, Sheng-Hui Lan, Yi-Fang Wang, Wu-Wei Lai, Yi-Ching Wang, Yan-Ju Lin, Hsiao-Sheng Liu and Hung-Chi Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:102

    Content type: Research

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  4. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Nithya Subramanian, Jagat R. Kanwar, Prasanna kumar Athalya, Narayanan Janakiraman, Vikas Khetan, Rupinder K. Kanwar, Sailaja Eluchuri and Subramanian Krishnakumar

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:100

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of Biomedical Science 2015 22:4

  5. Global ischemia is the resulting effect of a cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). Presently there is no effective treatment to address neurological deficits in patients who survived a CPA. Granulocyte-colony stimulat...

    Authors: Janet M. Menzie-Suderam, Jigar Modi, Hongyaun Xu, Andrew Bent, Paula Trujillo, Kristen Medley, Eugenia Jimenez, Jessica Shen, Michael Marshall, Rui Tao, Howard Prentice and Jang-Yen Wu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:99

    Content type: Research

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  6. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are crucial for the adaptation of various signalling pathways to ensure cellular homeostasis and proper adaptation to stress. PTM is a covalent addition of a small chemi...

    Authors: Prithviraj Manohar Vijaya Shetty, Ashraf Yusuf Rangrez and Norbert Frey

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:98

    Content type: Review

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  7. A lung transplant is the last resort treatment for many patients with advanced lung disease. The majority of donated lungs come from donors following brain death (BD). The endothelin axis is upregulated in the...

    Authors: K. Walweel, K. Skeggs, A. C. Boon, L. E. See Hoe, M. Bouquet, N. G. Obonyo, S. E. Pedersen, S. D. Diab, M. R. Passmore, K. Hyslop, E. S. Wood, J. Reid, S. M. Colombo, N. J. Bartnikowski, M. A. Wells, D. Black…

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:96

    Content type: Research

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  8. The Taiwan Human Disease iPSC Service Consortium was established to accelerate Taiwan’s growing stem cell research initiatives and provide a platform for researchers interested in utilizing induced pluripotent...

    Authors: Ching-Ying Huang, Ling-Hui Li, Wan-Tseng Hsu, Yu-Che Cheng, Martin W. Nicholson, Chun-Lin Liu, Chien-Yu Ting, Hui-Wen Ko, Shih-Han Syu, Cheng-Hao Wen, Zhuge Yan, Hsiang-Po Huang, Hong-Lin Su, Po-Min Chiang, Chia-Ning Shen, Hsin-Fu Chen…

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:92

    Content type: Research

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  9. Preconditioning before bone marrow transplantation such as irradiation causes vascular endothelial cells damage and promoting the repair of damaged endothelial cells is beneficial for hematopoietic reconstitut...

    Authors: Wen Ju, Wenyi Lu, Lan Ding, Yurong Bao, Fei Hong, Yuting Chen, Hui Gao, Xiaoqi Xu, Guozhang Wang, Weiwei Wang, Xi Zhang, Chunling Fu, Kunming Qi, Zhenyu Li, Kailin Xu, Jianlin Qiao…

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. The probability of local tumor control after radiotherapy (RT) remains still miserably poor in pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). Thus, understanding the molecular mechanisms responsible of tumor relapse is ess...

    Authors: Francesco Petragnano, Ilaria Pietrantoni, Simona Camero, Silvia Codenotti, Luisa Milazzo, Francesca Vulcano, Giampiero Macioce, Ilenia Giordani, Paolo Tini, Sara Cheleschi, Giovanni Luca Gravina, Claudio Festuccia, Alessandra Rossetti, Simona Delle Monache, Alessandra Ordinelli, Carmela Ciccarelli…

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:90

    Content type: Research

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  11. Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium is a nontyphoidal and common foodborne pathogen that causes serious threat to humans. There is no licensed vaccine to prevent the nontyphoid bacterial infection caused by

    Authors: Tzu-Wei Chiu, Chi-Jiun Peng, Ming-Cheng Chen, Mei-Hua Hsu, Yi-Hua Liang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Jim-Min Fang and Yuan Chuan Lee

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:89

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) reduces both invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and other pneumococcal infections worldwide. We investigated the impact of stepwise implementation of childhood PCV program...

    Authors: Ching-Fen Shen, Shih-Min Wang, Hsin Chi, Yi-Chuan Huang, Li-Min Huang, Yhu-Chering Huang, Hsiao-Chuan Lin, Yu-Huai Ho, Chao A. Hsiung and Ching-Chuan Liu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is an essential regulator of cell growth and metabolism through the modulation of protein and lipid synthesis, lysosome biogenesis, and autophagy. The act...

    Authors: Terunao Takahara, Yuna Amemiya, Risa Sugiyama, Masatoshi Maki and Hideki Shibata

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:87

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  14. Extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) is a common gram-negative organism causing various infections, including urinary tract infections (UTIs), bacteremia, and neonatal meningitis. The cjrABC-senB gene clust...

    Authors: Wen-Chun Huang, Yi-Jyun Liao, Masayuki Hashimoto, Kuan-Fu Chen, Chishih Chu, Po-Chuen Hsu, Shuying Wang and Ching-Hao Teng

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:86

    Content type: Research

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  15. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative pathogen that frequently causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised patients. We previously showed that subinhibitory concentrations of short synthetic pepti...

    Authors: Iosu Rázquin-Olazarán, Hawraa Shahrour and Guillermo Martínez-de-Tejada

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:85

    Content type: Research

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  16. Precision medicine is becoming the standard of care in anti-cancer treatment. The personalized precision management of cancer patients highly relies on the improvement of new technology in next generation sequ...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Yang, Feng-Ming Hsu and Pan-Chyr Yang

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:82

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  17. Recent trials have shown promise in intra-arterial thrombectomy after the first 6–24 h of stroke onset. Quick and precise identification of the salvageable tissue is essential for successful stroke management....

    Authors: Duen-Pang Kuo, Po-Chih Kuo, Yung-Chieh Chen, Yu-Chieh Jill Kao, Ching-Yen Lee, Hsiao-Wen Chung and Cheng-Yu Chen

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:80

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. 5-methoxytryptophan (5-MTP) is an endothelial factor with anti-inflammatory properties. It is synthesized from L-tryptophan via two enzymatic steps: tryptophan hydroxylase-1 (TPH-1) and hydroxyindole O-methylt...

    Authors: Kenneth K. Wu, Cheng-Chin Kuo, Shaw-Fang Yet, Chii-Ming Lee and Jun-Yang Liou

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:79

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  19. N-linked glycosylation is one of the most abundant posttranslational modifications of membrane-bound proteins in eukaryotes and affects a number of biological activities, including protein biosynthesis, protein.....

    Authors: Ying-Nai Wang, Heng-Huan Lee, Jennifer L. Hsu, Dihua Yu and Mien-Chie Hung

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:77

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  20. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are a major targeted therapy for malignancies, infectious diseases, autoimmune diseases, transplant rejection and chronic inflammatory diseases due to their antigen specificity and...

    Authors: Wen-Wei Lin, Yun-Chi Lu, Chih-Hung Chuang and Tian-Lu Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:76

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  21. ZNF322A is an oncogenic transcription factor that belongs to the Cys2His2-type zinc-finger protein family. Accumulating evidence suggests that ZNF322A may contribute to the tumorigenesis of lung cancer, howeve...

    Authors: Chantal Hoi Yin Cheung, Chia-Lang Hsu, Tsai-Yu Lin, Wei-Ting Chen, Yi-Ching Wang, Hsuan-Cheng Huang and Hsueh-Fen Juan

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:75

    Content type: Research

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  22. Pulmonary diseases due to mycobacteria cause significant morbidity and mortality to human health. In addition to tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), recent epidemiological studies have ...

    Authors: Radha Gopalaswamy, Sivakumar Shanmugam, Rajesh Mondal and Selvakumar Subbian

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:74

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  23. SARS-CoV-2 began spreading in December 2019 and has since become a pandemic that has impacted many aspects of human society. Several issues concerning the origin, time of introduction to humans, evolutionary p...

    Authors: Shu-Miaw Chaw, Jui-Hung Tai, Shi-Lun Chen, Chia-Hung Hsieh, Sui-Yuan Chang, Shiou-Hwei Yeh, Wei-Shiung Yang, Pei-Jer Chen and Hurng-Yi Wang

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:73

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the worldwide spread of the infectious disease COVID-19, caused by a new strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, as a pandemic. Like in all other infectious...

    Authors: Feng-Yee Chang, Hsiang-Cheng Chen, Pei-Jer Chen, Mei-Shang Ho, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Jung-Chung Lin, Fu-Tong Liu and Huey-Kang Sytwu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:72

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Hui Liang, Nathanael Matei, Devin W. McBride, Yang Xu, Jiping Tang, Benyan Luo and John H. Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:71

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:61

  26. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistently infected about 250 million people worldwide, and a curative treatment remains an unmet medical need. Among many approaches to treat chronic hepatitis B (CHB), therapeutic v...

    Authors: Jau-Hau Horng, Wei-Hsiang Lin, Chang-Ru Wu, You-Yu Lin, Li-Ling Wu, Ding-Shinn Chen and Pei-Jer Chen

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:70

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Due to differences in genetic background, it is unclear whether the genetic loci identified by the previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of pancreatic cancer also play significant roles in the develo...

    Authors: Yan-Shen Shan, Li-Tzong Chen, Jin-Shang Wu, Yin-Fan Chang, Chih-Ting Lee, Chih-Hsing Wu, Nai-Jung Chiang, Hsin-En Huang, Chia-Jui Yen, Ying-Jui Chao, Hui-Jen Tsai, Chiung-Yu Chen, Jui-Wen Kang, Chin-Fu Kuo, Chia-Rung Tsai, Ya-Ling Weng…

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Tissue oxidative stress, sympathetic activation and nutrient sensing signals are closely related to adult hypertension of fetal origin, although their interactions in hypertension programming remain unclear. B...

    Authors: Yung-Mei Chao, Kay L. H. Wu, Pei-Chia Tsai, You-Lin Tain, Steve Leu, Wei-Chia Lee and Julie Y. H. Chan

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:68

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Over the last 4 decades, cell culture techniques have evolved towards the creation of in vitro multicellular entities that incorporate the three-dimensional complexity of in vivo tissues and organs. As a resul...

    Authors: Alejandra Vargas-Valderrama, Antonietta Messina, Maria Teresa Mitjavila-Garcia and Hind Guenou

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:67

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. Rotaviruses (RVs) are recognized as a major cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in infants and young children worldwide. Here we summarize the virology, disease burden, prevalence, distribution of genotypes a...

    Authors: Fajar Budi Lestari, Sompong Vongpunsawad, Nasamon Wanlapakorn and Yong Poovorawan

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:66

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection may induce fulminant hepatitis in chronic hepatitis B patients (CHB) or rapid progression of CHB to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. There is no effective treatment for ...

    Authors: Yuh-Jin Liang, Cheng-Pu Sun, Yu-Chen Hsu, Yi-Wen Chen, I-An Wang, Chien-Wei Su, Mi-Hua Tao and Jaw-Ching Wu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs), commonly known as Batten disease, belong to a family of neurological disorders that cause blindness, seizures, loss of motor function and cognitive ability, and prema...

    Authors: Robert J. Huber

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:64

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:94

  33. Oxygen is essentially required by most eukaryotic organisms as a scavenger to remove harmful electron and hydrogen ions or as a critical substrate to ensure the proper execution of enzymatic reactions. All nuc...

    Authors: Pai-Sheng Chen, Wen-Tai Chiu, Pei-Ling Hsu, Shih-Chieh Lin, I-Chen Peng, Chia-Yih Wang and Shaw-Jenq Tsai

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:63

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. Cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a serious life-threatening congenital cerebrovascular disease. Specific anatomical features, such as nidus size, location, and venous drainage, have been validated ...

    Authors: Lin-jian Wang, Yimeng Xue, Ran Huo, Zihan Yan, Hongyuan Xu, Hao Li, Jia Wang, Qian Zhang, Yong Cao and Ji-zong Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:62

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The disruption of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) plays a critical event in the pathogenesis of ischemia stroke. TGR5 is recognized as a potential target for the treatment for neurologic disorders.

    Authors: Hui Liang, Nathanael Matei, Devin W. McBride, Yang Xu, Jiping Tang, Benyan Luo and John H. Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:71

  36. Columbianadin (CBN) is one of the main coumarin constituents isolated from Angelica pubescens. The pharmacological value of CBN is well demonstrated, especially in the prevention of several cancers and analgesic ...

    Authors: Shaw-Min Hou, Chih-Wei Hsia, Cheng-Lin Tsai, Chih-Hsuan Hsia, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Marappan Velusamy and Joen-Rong Sheu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:60

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Over the past few years, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recognized as key regulators of gene expression at chromatin, transcriptional and posttranscriptional level with pivotal roles in various biological ...

    Authors: Tse-Chun Kuo, Hsing-Jien Kung and Jing-Wen Shih

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:59

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  38. Short-term fasting (STF) is a technique to reduce nutrient intake for a specific period. Since metabolism plays a pivotal role in tumor progression, it can be hypothesized that STF can improve the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Yanlin Deng and Bee Luan Khoo

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:58

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  39. O-linked-N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAcylation) is a type of glycosylation that occurs when a monosaccharide, O-GlcNAc, is added onto serine or threonine residues of nuclear or cytoplasmic proteins by O-GlcN...

    Authors: Yi-Hsuan Chang, Chia-Lin Weng and Kuo-I Lin

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:57

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  40. Human keratinocytes and derived products are crucial for skin repair and regeneration. Despite substantial advances in engineered skin equivalents, their poor availability and immunorejection remain major chal...

    Authors: Jie Zheng, Wonjin Yun, Junghyun Park, Phil Jun Kang, Gilju Lee, Gwonhwa Song, In Yong Kim and Seungkwon You

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Very few studies have identified receptor molecules for dengue virus (DENV) on neural cells. This study was designed to identify putative receptor/(s) involved in entry of DENV-3 in human neural cells of vario...

    Authors: Amita Sharma, Ravi Vasanthapuram, Manjunatha M Venkataswamy and Anita Desai

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA) is a chronic inflammatory form of arthritis in which tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a potent inducer of inflammatory response and a key regulator of innate immuni...

    Authors: Patricia Ruiz-Limon, Maria Lourdes Ladehesa-Pineda, Maria del Carmen Castro-Villegas, Maria del Carmen Abalos-Aguilera, Clementina Lopez-Medina, Chary Lopez-Pedrera, Nuria Barbarroja, Daniel Espejo-Peralbo, Jose Antonio Gonzalez-Reyes, Jose Manuel Villalba, Carlos Perez-Sanchez, Alejandro Escudero-Contreras, Eduardo Collantes-Estevez, Pilar Font-Ugalde and Yolanda Jimenez-Gomez

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2020 27:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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