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Table 1 List of biomarkers for Alzheimer disease and their sample source

From: Fish-on-a-chip: a sensitive detection microfluidic system for alzheimer's disease

Factor Sample Source Biomarkers Ref
Histopathological factors Urine, Blood Amyloid beta peptide [55, 56]
  CSF Tau protein [57]
  CSF Phosphorylated tau [58]
Genetic factor Blood,saliva APOE [59, 60]
  CSF, blood,saliva APP [61, 62, 60]
  Blood PS-1 [63]
  Blood PS-2 [63]
Synaptic pathological factor CSF ADDL [39]
Others CSF Somatostatin [64]
  Blood Metal ions [65]