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Table 1 Characteristics of the subjects with and without metabolic syndrome

From: Circulating microRNAs have a sex-specific association with metabolic syndrome

  All (n = 102) Men (n = 52) Women (n = 50)
  without MS with MS p value without MS with MS p value without MS with MS p value
Total number 71 31   36 (69.2%) 16 (30.8%)   35 (70.0%) 15 (30.0%)  
Age (yr) 55.5 ± 7.8 56.5 ± 8.5 > 0.1 56 ± 9 55 ± 8 > 0.1 55 ± 6 58 ± 9 > 0.1
Smoker, n (%) 10 (14.1%) 4 (12.9%) > 0.1 10 (27.8%) 4 (25.0%) > 0.1 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000
Hypertension, n (%) 14 (19.7%) 19 (61.3%) < 0.0001 8 (22.2%) 11 (68.8%) 0.001 6 (17.1%) 10 (53.3%) 0.009
Anti-HTN drugs, n (%) 5 (7.0%) 6 (19.4%) 0.07 2 (5.6%) 4 (25%) 0.06 3 (8.6%) 2 (13.3%) > 0.1
Systolic BP (mmHg) 114 ± 13 129 ± 13 < 0.0001 116 ± 12 128 ± 14 0.004 111 ± 13 131 ± 13 < 0.0001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 71 ± 10 79 ± 9 0.0003 72 ± 10 79 ± 9 0.020 70 ± 10 79 ± 9 0.007
Diabetes, n (%) 2 (2.8%) 2 (6.5%) > 0.1 1 (2.8%) 1 (6.3%) > 0.1 1 (2.9%) 1 (6.7%) > 0.1
Fasting sugar (mg/dl) 94 ± 18 107 ± 19 0.0013 93 ± 9 107 ± 15 0.001 91 ± 7 107 ± 23 0.0006
Body weight (kg) 63.0 ± 11.2 70.5 ± 12.6 0.0033 69.0 ± 10.7 77.6 ± 8.8 0.008 56.7 ± 7.8 63.0 ± 12.0 0.031
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 3.3 26.6 ± 3.6 0.0008 24.3 ± 3.4 26.9 ± 2.4 0.007 23.8 ± 3.2 26.2 ± 4.5 0.042
Waist circumference (cm) 82.7 ± 9.2 90.7 ± 7.5 < 0.0001 84.9 ± 8.6 92.3 ± 6.1 0.001 80.5 ± 9.5 89.0 ± 8.7 0.005
Waist-hip ratio 0.87 ± 0.07 0.92 ± 0.06 0.0019 0.89 ± 0.05 0.93 ± 0.04 0.006 0.85 ± 0.08 0.90 ± 0.07 0.046
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 95 ± 39 164 ± 93 0.0003 98 ± 45 166 ± 95 0.013 92 ± 32 163 ± 95 0.013
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 60 ± 14 50 ± 14 0.0008 55 ± 11 45 ± 10 0.003 66 ± 14 56 ± 15 0.022
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 209 ± 39 216 ± 35 > 0.1 202 ± 38 209 ± 37 > 0.1 217 ± 38 224 ± 33 > 0.1
  1. The data are expressed as a number (percentage) or mean ± SD. MS, metabolic syndrome; HTN, hypertension, BP, blood pressure, HDL, high density lipoprotein.