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Table 3 Distribution of enzymatic activities from C. parapsilosis complex species isolated from different clinical sites

From: Virulence factors, antifungal susceptibility and molecular mechanisms of azole resistance among Candida parapsilosis complex isolates recovered from clinical specimens

  Phospholipase activity
Mean (Pz) ± SD
Caseinase activity
Mean (Pz) ± SD
Gelatinase activity
Mean (Pz) ± SD
Hemolysin activity
Mean (Pz) ± SD
  C.parapsilosis
(n/N)
C.metapsilosis
(n/N)
C.orthopsilosis
(n/N)
C.parapsilosis
(n/N)
C.metapsilosis
(n/N)
C.orthopsilosis
(n/N)
C.parapsilosis
(n/N)
C.metapsilosis
(n/N)
C.orthopsilosis
(n/N)
C.parapsilosis
(n/N)
C.metapsilosis
(n/N)
C.orthopsilosis
(n/N)
Blood (N = 64) 0.82 ± 0.12
(46/62)
1
(0/1)
1
(0/1)
0.46 ± 0.13
(60/62)
0.71
(1/1)
0.49
(1/1)
0.7 ± 0.07
(61/62)
0.65
(1/1)
0.65
(1/1)
0.6 ± 0.09
(62/62)
0.87
(1/1)
0.73
(1/1)
Urine (N = 31) 0.89 ± 0.12
(16/29)
1
(0/1)
1
(0/1)
0.52 ± 0.21
(25/29)
0.67
(1/1)
0.46
(1/1)
0.71 ± 0.11
(27/29)
0.8
(1/1)
0.73
(1/1)
0.62 ± 0.1
(29/29)
0.86
(1/1)
0.65
(1/1)
Auricular sample (N = 43) 0.88 ± 0.12
(22/39)
1 ± 0
(0/3)
1
(0/1)
0.59 ± 0.22
(31/39)
0.73 ± 0.15
(3/3)
0.59
(1/1)
0.71 ± 0.08
(38/39)
0.74 ± 0.14
(3/3)
0.75
(1/1)
0.62 ± 0.08
(39/39)
0.75 ± 0.09
(3/3)
0.51
(1/1)
Respiratory tract (N = 4) 0.88 ± 0.15
(2/4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.45 ± 0.05
(4/4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.67 ± 0.04
(4/4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.62 ± 0.08
(4/4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Catheter (N = 9) 0.88 ± 0.12
(5/9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.39 ± 0.03
(9/9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.68 ± 0.02
(9/9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.61 ± 0.1
(9/9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Skin (N = 8) 0.82 ± 0.14
(5/7)
1
(0/1)
0
(0)
0.38 ± 0.04
(7/7)
0.72
(1/1)
0
(0)
0.71 ± 0.14
(6/7)
0.67
(1/1)
0
(0)
0.6 ± 0.11
(7/7)
0.84
(1/1)
0
(0)
Nails (N = 2) 1 ± 0
(0/2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.44 ± 0.02
(2/2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.78 ± 0.01
(2/2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5 ± 0.01
(2/2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Oral cavity (N = 3) 0.84 ± 0.07
(3/3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.49 ± 0.13
(3/3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7 ± 0.03
(3/3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.57 ± 0.07
(3/3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Vagina (N = 1) 0.89
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.35
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.67
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.64
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Peritoneal fluid (N = 1) 0.74
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.47
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.57
(1/1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Hand carriage (N = 16) 0.82 ± 0.13
(10/15)
0
(0)
1
(0/1)
0.56 ± 0.2
(14/15)
0
(0)
0.44
(1/1)
0.76 ± 0.09
(14/15)
0
(0)
0.71
(1/1)
0.65 ± 0.11
(15/15)
0
(0)
0.63
(1/1)
  1. N: number of tested isolates
  2. n: number of isolates with positive activity for the corresponding hydrolytic enzyme
  3. SD: standard deviation