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Table 2 In vivo experiments

From: Multidimensional insights into the repeated electromagnetic field stimulation and biosystems interaction in aging and age-related diseases

Biological effects EMF Bio-system Field strength or SAR Exposure References #
Oxidative stress 15 μT Vicia faba L 15 μT 8 h/d × 8 days [28]
Expression of microRNA 2.4 GHz Rat brain 2420 μW/kg 24 h/d × 12 months [29]
Reduction of oxidative stress 10 kHz Maize 3mT 6 h/d × 4 days [30]
Reduction of oxidative stress 900 MHz Rat 0.18 W/kg 1 h/d × 21 days [31]
Reduction of oxidative stress 60 Hz Chick embryos 8 μT 20 min [32]
Inflammation 1–100 Hz Mice 1–100 Gauss
pulsed
30–45 min [33]
Inflammation 27.12 MHz Human after breast surgery 591 V/m
pulsed
30 min [34]
Mitochondrial enhancement 918 MHz AD mice 0.25–1.05 W/kg, pulsed 2 h/d × 1 month [35]
Neuronal activity 918 MHz AD mice 0.25–1.05 W/kg, pulsed 2 h/d × 2 months [36]
β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition 918 MHz AD mice 0.25–1.05 W/kg, pulsed 2 h/d × 7 to 9 months [37]
Osteoarthritis 37 and 75 Hz Guinea pigs 3mT
pulsed
6 h/day × 6 months, pulsed [38]
  1. SAR specific absorption rate