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Volume 17 Supplement 1

Taurine - a wonder molecule. Proceedings of the 17th International Taurine Conference

Proceedings

Edited by Jang-Yen Wu, Stephen W Schaffer and Junichi Azuma

17th International Meeting of Taurine.

Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA14-19 December 2009

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  1. Content type: Research

    Taurine demonstrates multiple cellular functions including a central role as a neurotransmitter, as a trophic factor in CNS development, in maintaining the structural integrity of the membrane, in regulating c...

    Authors: Jang-Yen Wu and Howard Prentice

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S1

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  2. Content type: Research

    Taurine (aminoethane sulfonic acid) is an ubiquitous compound, found in very high concentrations in heart and muscle. Although taurine is classified as an amino acid, it does not participate in peptide bond fo...

    Authors: Stephen W Schaffer, Chian Ju Jong, Ramila KC and Junichi Azuma

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S2

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  3. Content type: Research

    Taurine participates in a number of different physiologic and biologic processes in the kidney, often reflected by urinary excretion patterns. The kidney is key to aspects of taurine body pool size and homeost...

    Authors: Russell W Chesney, Xiaobin Han and Andrea B Patters

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S4

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  4. Content type: Research

    Although taurine and glutamate are the most abundant amino acids conducting neural signals in the central nervous system, the communication between these two neurotransmitters is largely unknown. This study ex...

    Authors: Simon Bulley and Wen Shen

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S5

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  5. Content type: Research

    Taurine (T) was first noted as beneficial for stroke and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) prevention in genetic rat models, stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). The preventive mechanisms of T wer...

    Authors: Yukio Yamori, Takashi Taguchi, Atsumi Hamada, Kazuhiro Kunimasa, Hideki Mori and Mari Mori

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S6

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  6. Content type: Review

    Arsenic exposure induces overproduction of reactive nitrogen species (RNS) in brain tissue and results in nucleic acid damage to the nerve cells. The 8-nitroguanine is one of the major products formed by the r...

    Authors: Ning Ma, Mikio Sasoh, Shosuke Kawanishi, Hiromichi Sugiura and Fengyuan Piao

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S7

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  7. Content type: Review

    The fragile X mouse model shows an increase in seizure susceptibility, indicating an involvement of the GABAergic system via an alteration in cellular excitability. In the brain, we have previously described a...

    Authors: Abdeslem El Idrissi, Xin Yan, Francoise Sidime and William L’Amoreaux

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S8

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  8. Content type: Review

    It has been demonstrated that taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids in the male reproductive system, and can be biosynthesized by male reproductive organs. But the effect of taurine on male repr...

    Authors: Jiancheng Yang, Gaofeng Wu, Ying Feng, Qiufeng Lv, Shumei Lin and Jianmin Hu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S9

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  9. Content type: Review

    Pancreatic β-cells release insulin via an electrogenic response triggered by an increase in plasma glucose concentrations. The critical plasma glucose concentration has been determined to be ~3 mM, at which ti...

    Authors: William J L’Amoreaux, Christina Cuttitta, Allison Santora, Jonathan F Blaize, Janto Tachjadi and Abdeslem El Idrissi

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S11

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  10. Content type: Review

    Acute ethanol administration leads to massive apoptotic neurodegeneration in the developing central nervous system. We studied whether taurine is neuroprotective in ethanol-induced apoptosis in the mouse cereb...

    Authors: Andrey G Taranukhin, Elena Y Taranukhina, Pirjo Saransaari, Irina M Podkletnova, Markku Pelto-Huikko and Simo S Oja

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S12

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  11. Content type: Review

    Taurine and zinc exert neurotrophic effects in the central nervous system. Current studies demonstrate that Na+/Cl- dependent neurotransmitter transporters, similar to that of taurine, are modulated by micromolar...

    Authors: Sonia Nusetti, Mary Urbina and Lucimey Lima

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S13

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  12. Content type: Review

    Taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids especially in excitable tissues, with wide physiological actions. Chronic supplementation of taurine in drinking water to mice increases brain excitability ...

    Authors: William J L’Amoreaux, Alexandra Marsillo and Abdeslem El Idrissi

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S14

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  13. Content type: Review

    Fragile X Syndrome is the most common known genetic cause of autism. The Fmr1-KO mouse, lacks the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), and is used as a model of the syndrome. The core behavioral deficits ...

    Authors: Abdeslem El Idrissi, Lorenz S Neuwirth and William L’Amoreaux

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S15

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  14. Content type: Review

    Poly(ADP-ribose) is a NAD+-requiring, DNA-repairing, enzyme playing a central role in pancreatic β-cell death and in the development of endothelial dysfunction in humans and experimental animals. PARP activation ...

    Authors: Kashyap G Pandya, Maulik R Patel and Cesar A Lau-Cam

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S16

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  15. Content type: Review

    Taurine is a free amino acid present in high concentrations in a variety of organs of mammalians. As an antioxidant, taurine has been found to protect cells against oxidative stress, but the underlying mechani...

    Authors: Chunliu Pan, Grace S Giraldo, Howard Prentice and Jang-Yen Wu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S17

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  16. Content type: Review

    Both taurine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), a growth factor, possess neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties in vitro. However, the mechanisms of their u...

    Authors: Chunliu Pan, Amit Gupta, Howard Prentice and Jang-Yen Wu

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S18

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  17. Content type: Review

    To assess the effect of taurine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis, female Golden Syrian hamsters were intratracheally instilled with bacterial LPS (0.02 mg i...

    Authors: Tapan M Bhavsar, Sanket N Patel and Cesar A Lau-Cam

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S19

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  18. Content type: Review

    Taurine, a sulfur-containing β-amino acid, is highly contained in heart and skeletal muscle. Taurine has a variety of biological actions, such as ion movement, calcium handling and cytoprotection in the cardia...

    Authors: Takashi Ito, Shohei Oishi, Mika Takai, Yasushi Kimura, Yoriko Uozumi, Yasushi Fujio, Stephen W Schaffer and Junichi Azuma

    Citation: Journal of Biomedical Science 2010 17(Suppl 1):S20

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